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This list of Alabama Birds is based on bird records accumulated for many years by members of the Alabama Ornithological Society and other Alabama birders and ornithologists. The geographical and seasonal distribution  in Alabama of the birds on this list varies. Some birds, such as Brown Pelicans, are found only on the coast. Other species may be found only in north Alabama. Some of the birds listed as common, are common only in the appropriate habitat or certain areas of Alabama.. The arrival and departure dates for winter visitors, summer residents, and migrants are approximate and experience considerable variation from one species to another and from year to year. To learn more about bird distribution visit the websites on our Birding Links  page.

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Due to space limitations the text codes do not indicate the sub-categories (abundant/common etc.)  A good  source  for this  information is ALABAMA BIRDS by Tom Imhof. Unfortunately this book is out of print. Many public libraries have the book and it may be found for sale in bookstores that deal in used books. Many of the websites on our links pages have quite a bit of information on the geographical and seasonal distribution of birds nationwide.

A Note About Printing The List - Four sheets of paper are required to print this "page". Before you click the print button consider that you are going to print everything you see on the page, not just the list. 


Abundant - A common bird that occurs in large numbers.
Common -
Can almost always be found in its habitat at the right season after a proper search.
Fairly Common -
Can be found half or more than half the time in its habitat at the right season.
- Found less than half the time in its habitat at the right season.
- Indicates regular occurrence, usually annually, but in very small numbers.
Casual -
Very few records. Species does not occur in Alabama at regular intervals.
  - Less than 5 records. Alabama is outside the normal range of this species.
Hypothetical  -
Species with no photographs or specimens and unverified by several experienced observers.
Extinct  -
Species that are no longer in existence.
Extirpated  -
Species that are no longer occur in Alabama.
Permanent Resident - 
Birds that can be found in Alabama the entire year in the appropriate habitat.
Winter Visitor -
Birds that spend the winter months in Alabama. Generally October - March.
Summer Resident
-  Birds that spend the summer months and breed in Alabama. Generally March - September.
-  Birds that pass through Alabama, usually in spring and fall. Migration peaks occur in April & October.
Vagrant - 
Birds whose occurrence is unpredictable. Birds that are perhaps lost. Many are western species.

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  • Black Text - Permanent Resident
  • Blue Text - Winter Visitor
  • Green Text - Summer Resident
  • Red Text - Migrant/Vagrant
  • Normal Text - abundant/common/uncommon
  • Italics - rare
  • Bold Text - accidental/casual/hypothetical  
  • Bold Italic - extinct/extirpated

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This list is in taxonomical order and proceeds vertically by the column. The colors and text styles may not view properly if you are not using a dynamic web browser. Internet Explorer or Netscape is recommended.

Loon, Red-throated  

Rail, Yellow

Hummingbird, Buff-bellied Warbler, Yellow-rumped
Loon, Pacific              Rail, Black Hummingbird, Magnificent Warbler, Black-thr. Gray
Loon, Common             Rail, Clapper                Hummingbird, Ruby-thr. Warbler, Black-thr. Green
Grebe, Pied-billed         Rail, King                    Hummingbird, Black-chin. Warbler, Blackburnian
Grebe, Horned Rail, Virginia Hummingbird, Anna's Warbler, Yellow-throated
Grebe, Red-necked Sora Hummingbird, Calliope Warbler, Pine
Grebe, Eared Gallinule, Purple Hummingbird, Broad-tailed Warbler, Prarie
Grebe, Western Moorhen, Common Hummingbird, Rufous Warbler, Palm
Shearwater, Cory's  Coot, American Hummingbird, Allen's Warbler, Bay-breasted
Shearwater, Greater Crane, Sandhill Kingfisher, Belted Warbler, Blackpoll
Shearwater, Sooty Plover, Black-bellied Woodpecker, Red-headed Warbler, Cerulean
Shearwater, Audubon's  Golden-Plover, American Woodpecker, Red- bellied Warbler, Black-amd-white
Storm-Petrel, Wilson's Plover, Snowy Sapsucker, Yellow-bellied Redstart, American
Storm-Petrel,   Leach's Plover, Wilson's Woodpecker, Downy Warbler, Prothonotary
Storm-Petrel, Band R. Plover, Semipalmated Woodpecker, Hairy Warbler, Worm-eating
Booby, Masked Plover, Piping Woodpecker, Red-cock. Warbler, Swainson's
Booby, Brown Kildeer Flicker, Northern Ovenbird
Gannet, Northern Plover, Mountain Woodpecker, Pileated Waterthrush, Northern
Pelican, American White Oystercatcher, American Flycatcher. Olive-sided Waterthrush, Louisiana
Pelican, Brown Stilt, Black-necked Wood-Pewee, Eastern Warbler, Kentucky
Cormorant, Great Avocet, American Flycatcher, Yellow-bellied Warbler, Connecticut
Cormorant, Double-crested Yellowlegs, Greater Flycatcher, Acadian Warbler, Mourning
Cormorant, Neotropic Yellowlegs, Lesser Flycatcher, Alder Yellowthroat, Common
Anhinga Sandpiper, Solitary Flycatcher, Willow Warbler, Hooded
Frigatebird, Magnificent Willit Flycatcher, Least Warbler, Wilson,s
Bittern, American Sandpiper, Spotted Flycatcher, Hammond's Warbler, Canada
Bittern, Least Sandpiper, Upland Phoebe, Eastern Chat, Yellow-breasted
Heron, Great Blue Whimbrel Phoebe' Say's Tanager, Summer
Egret, Great Curlew, Long-billed Flycatcher, vermillion Tanager, Scarlet
Egret, Snowy Godwit, Hudsonian Flycatcher, Ash-throated Tanager, Western
Heron, Little Blue Godwit, Marbled Flycatcher, Great-crested Cardinal, Northern
Heron, Tricolored Turnstone, Ruddy Flycatcher, LaSagra's Grosbeak, Rose-breasted
Egret, Reddish Knot, Red Flycatcher, Sulphur-bellied Grosbeak, Black-headed
Egret, Cattle Sanderling Kingbird, Couch's Grosbeak, Blue
Heron, Green Sandpiper, Semipalmated Kingbird. Western Bunting, Indigo
Night-Heron, Black Cr. Sandpiper, Western Kingbird, Eastern Bunting, Painted
Night Heron, Yellow Cr. Sandpiper, Least Kingbird, Gray Dicksissel
Ibis, White Sandpiper, White-rumped Flycatcher, Scissor-tailed Towhee, Green-tailed
Ibis, Glossy Sandpiper, Baird's Flycatcher, Fork-tailed Towhee, Eastern
Ibis, White-faced Sandpiper, Pectoral Lark, Horned Sparrow, Bachman's
Spoonbill, Roseate Sandpiper, Sharp-tailed Martin, Purple Sparrow, American Tree
Stork, Wood Dunlin Swallow, Tree Sparrow, Chipping
Whistling-Duck, Fulvous Sandpiper, Curlew ? Swallow, N. Rough-winged Sparrow, Clay-colored
Whistling-Duck, Black-b. Sandpiper, Stilt Swallow, Bank Sparrow, Field
Swan, Tundra Sandpiper, Buff-breasted Swallow, Cliff Sparrow, Vesper
Goose, Gr. White-fronted Ruff Swallow, Cave Sparrow, Lark
Goose, Snow Dowitcher, Short-billed Swallow, Barn Bunting, Lark
Goose, Ross's Dowitcher, Long-billed Jay, Blue Sparrow, Savannah
Brant Snipe, Common Crow, American Sparrow, Grasshopper
Goose, Canada Woodcock, American Crow, Fish Sparrow, Henslow's
Duck, Wood Phalarope, Wilson's Chickadee, Carolina Sparrow, Le Conte's
Teal, Green-winged Phalarope, Red-necked Titmouse, Tufted Sparrow, Nelson's Sharp T.
Duck, American Black Phalarope, Red Nuthatch, Red-breasted Sparrow, Seaside
Duck, Mottled Jaeger, Pomarine ? Nuthatch, White-breasted Sparrow, Fox
Mallard Jaeger, Parasitic ? Nuthatch, Brown-headed Sparrow, Song
Pintail. White-cheeked Gull, Laughing Creeper, Brown Sparrow, Lincoln's
Pintail, Northern Gull, Franklin's Wren, Rock Sparrow, Swamp
Teal, Blue-winged Gull, Little Wren, Carolina Sparrow, White-throated
Teal, Cinnamon Gull, Bonaparte's Wren, Bewick's Sparrow, Harris's
Shoveler, Northern Gull, Ring-billed Wren, House Junco, Dark-eyed
Gadwall Gull, Herring Wren, Winter Longspur, Lapland
Wigeon, Eurasian Gull, Iceland Wren, Sedge Longspur, Smith's
Wigeon, American Gull, Lesser Black-back. Wren, Marsh Bobolink
Canvasback Gull, Glaucous Kinglet, Golden-crowned Blackbird, Red-winged
Redhead Gull, Great Black-backed Kinglet, Ruby-crowned Meadowlark, Eastern
Duck, Ring-necked Kittiwake, Black-legged Gnatcatcher, Blue-Gray Meadowlark, Western
Scaup, Greater Gull, Sabine's Wheatear, Northern Blackbird, Yellow-headed
Scaup, Lesser Tern, Gull-billed Bluebird, Eastern Blackbird, Rusty
Duck, Harlequin Tern, Caspian Veery Blackbird, Brewer's
Oldsquaw Tern, Royal Thrush, Gray-cheeked Grackle, Boat-tailed
Scoter, Black Tern, Sandwich Thrush, Swainson's Grackle, Common
Scoter, Surf Tern, Roseate Thrush, Hermit Cowbird, Shiny
Scoter, White-winged Tern, Common Thrush, Wood Cowbird, Bronzed
Goldeneye, Common Tern, Forster's Robin, American Cowbird, Brown-headed
Bufflehead Tern, Least Thrush, Varied Oriole, Orchard
Merganser, Hooded Tern, Bridled Catbird, Gray Oriole, Baltimore
Merganser, Common Tern, Sooty Mockingbird, Northern Oriole, Bullock's
Merganser, Red-breasted Tern, Black Thrasher, Sage Finch, Purple
Duck, Ruddy Noddy, Brown Thrasher, Brown Finch, House
Vulture, Black Skimmer, Black Pipit, American Crossbill, Red
Vulture, Turkey Dove, Rock Pipit, Sprague's Redpoll, Common
Osprey Collared-Dove, Eurasian Waxwing, Cedar Siskin, Pine
Kite, Swallowtailed Dove, White-winged Shrike, Loggerhead Goldfinch, American
Kite. White-tailed Dove, Mourning Starling, European Grosbeak, Evening
Kite, Mississippi Ground-Dove, Common Vireo, White-eyed Sparrow, House
Eagle, Bald Cuckoo, Black-billed Vireo, Bell's Tropicbird, Whitetailed
Harrier, Northern Cuckoo, Yellow-billed Vireo, Blue-headed Eider, King   
Hawk, Sharp-shinned Ani, Groove-billed Vireo, Yellow-throated Hawk, Ferruginous 
Hawk, Cooper's Owl, Barn Vireo, Warbling Crane, Whooping   
Goshawk, Northern Screech-Owl, Eastern Vireo, Philadelphia Woodcock, Eurasian 
Hawk, Red-shouldered Owl, Great Horned Vireo, Red-eyed Jaeger, Long-tailed
Hawk, Broad-winged Owl, Snowy Vireo, Black-whiskered Gull, California  
Hawk, Swainson's Owl, Burrowing Warbler, Blue-winged Gull, Thayer's 
Hawk, Red-tailed Owl, Barred Warbler, Golden-winged Pigeon, Band-tailed
Hawk, Rough-legged Owl, Long-eared Warbler, Tennessee Hummingbird, Blue-thr. 
Eagle, Golden Owl, Short-eared Warbler, Orange-crowned Warbler, Kirtland's 
Kestrel, American Owl, Northern Saw-whet Warbler, Nashville Redstart, Painted 
Merlin Nighthawk, Lesser Parula, Northern Raven, Common
Falcon, Prarie ? Nighthawk, Common Warbler, Yellow Warbler, Bachman's
Falcon, Perigrine Chuck-will's-widow Warbler, Chestnut-sided Pigeon, Passenger
Grouse, Ruffed Whip-poor-will Warbler, Magnolia Woodpecker, Ivory-billed
Turkey, Wild Swift, Chimney Warbler, Cape May Parakeet, Carolina
Bobwhite, Northern Hummingbird, Gr. V.-ear Warbler, Black-thr.  Blue  

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